Institute of Rehabilitation & Drug Addiction



We all know kids who can’t sit still, who never seem to listen, who don’t follow instructions no matter how clearly you present them, or who blurt out inappropriate comments at inappropriate times. Sometimes these children are labeled as troublemakers, or criticized for being lazy and undisciplined. However, they may have ADD/ADHD. 

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder that appears in early childhood. You may know it by the name attention deficit disorder, or ADD. 

ADD/ADHD makes it difficult for people to inhibit their spontaneous responses that can involve everything from movement to speech to attentiveness. 

A. The hyperactive kids who talks nonstop and can’t sit still. 
B. The quiet dreamer who sits at her desk and stares off into space. 
C. Doesn’t pay attention to details 
D. Makes careless mistakes 
E. Has trouble staying focused; is easily distracted 
F. Appears not to listen when spoken to 
G. Has difficulty remembering things and following instructions 
H. Has trouble staying organized, planning ahead, and finishing projects 
I. Gets bored with a task before it’s completed 
J. Frequently loses or misplaces homework, books, toys, or other items 

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a lifelong developmental disability that affects, among other things, the way an individual relates to his or her environment and their interaction with other people.

• Problems with social interaction and communication – including problems understanding and being aware of other people's emotions and feelings; it can also include delayed language development and an inability to start conversations or take part in them properly.

• Restricted and repetitive patterns of thought, interests and physical behaviours – including making repetitive physical movements, such as hand tapping or twisting, and becoming upset if these set routines are disrupted. 

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by uncontrollable, unwanted thoughts and repetitive, ritualized behaviors you feel compelled to perform. 

If you have OCD, you probably recognize that your obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors are irrational – but even so, you feel unable to resist them and break free. Like a needle getting stuck on an old record, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) causes the brain to get stuck on a particular thought or urge. For example, you may check the stove twenty times to make sure it’s really turned off, wash your hands until they’re scrubbed raw, or drive around for hours to make sure that the bump you heard while driving wasn’t a person you ran over. 

Learning disabilities

A learning disability affects the way a person understands information and how they communicate 

This means they can have difficulty:

• understanding new or complex information 
• learning new skills 
• coping independently 

Child having learning disabilities need special education to become the part of the circle 

Aging Rehabilitation and Geriatric Care Program 

We make society concerned of the aged and promote better understanding of aging issues. We help the elderly become aware of their own rights, so that they get the due respect and are able to play an active role in society for healthy livings. 

It is the accumulation of changes in a person over time. Ageing in humans refers to a multidimensional process of physical, psychological, and social change. Ageing is an important part of all human societies reflecting the biological changes that occur, but also reflecting cultural and societal conventions. 


It is a syndrome that presents as severe confusion and disorientation, developing with relatively rapid onset and fluctuating in intensity. It is a syndrome which occurs more frequently in people in their later years. Delirium represents an organically caused decline from a previously-attained baseline level of cognitive function. It is typified by fluctuating course, attention deficits and generalized severe disorganization of behavior. It typically involves other cognitive deficits, changes in arousal perceptual deficits, altered sleep-wake cycle, and psychotic features such as hallucinations and delusions. Delirium itself is not a disease, but rather a clinical syndrome which result from an underlying disease. 


It is a serious loss of global cognitive ability in a previously unimpaired person, beyond what might be expected from normal aging. It may be static, the result of a unique global brain injury, or progressive, resulting in long-term decline due to damage or disease in the body. Although dementia is far more common in the geriatric population (about 5% of those over 65 are said to be involved), it can occur before the age of 65, in which case it is termed "early onset dementia". 

Dementia is not a single disease, but a non-specific syndrome affected cognitive areas can be memory, attention, language, and problem solving. Normally, symptoms must be present for at least six months to support a diagnosis 

Alzheimer's disease 

It is the most common form of dementia. There is no cure for the disease, which worsens as it progresses, and eventually leads to death. AD is diagnosed in people over 65 years of age, although the less-prevalent early-onset Alzheimer's can occur much earlier. 

Although Alzheimer's disease develops differently for every individual, there are many common symptoms. In the early stages, the most common symptom is difficulty in remembering recent events. When AD is suspected, the diagnosis is usually confirmed with tests that evaluate behavior and abilities as the disease advances, symptoms can include confusion, irritability, aggression, mood swings, trouble with language, and long-term memory loss.